Mustafa was born in Thessaloniki

Mustafa entered Military Preparatory School in Thessaloniki and he was given the second name ‘Kemal’ by the teacher.

Mustafa Kemal entered the Military High School (Askeri Idadisi) in Manastır.

Mustafa Kemal entered the prep class of the Military Academy (Harbiye Harp Okulu) in İstanbul. 

Mustafa Kemal graduated from the Military Academy and went on to the General Staff College.

January 11, 1905
Mustafa Kemal graduated from the General Staff College with the rank of Staff Captain and was sent to the Fifth Army, based in Damascus.

October 1906
Mustafa Kemal and his friends established the secret society "Fatherland and Freedom" in Damascus.

September 1907
Mustafa Kemal was assigned to Third Army and goes to Thessaloniki

September 13, 1911
Mustafa Kemal was assigned to General Staff in Istanbul.

January 9, 1912
Mustafa Kemal successfully led the Tobruk offensive in Libya.

November 25, 1912
Mustafa Kemal was appointed Director of Operations, Mediterranean Straits Special Forces.

October 27, 1913
Mustafa Kemal was appointed Military Attaché in Sofia.

April 25, 1915
Allies land at Ariburnu (Gallipoli) and Mustafa Kemal stopped their progress with his division.

August 9, 1915
Mustafa Kemal was appointed Commander of Anafartalar Group.

April 1, 1916
Mustafa Kemal promoted to Brigadier-General.

August 6-7, 1916
Mustafa Kemal took Bitlis and Muş back from the enemy.

October 31, 1918
Mustafa Kemal became Commander of Lightning Group of Armies

April 30, 1919
Mustafa Kemal was assigned Inspector of 9th Army based in Erzurum with wide powers

May 16, 1919
Mustafa Kemal left Istanbul.

May 19, 1919
Mustafa Kemal landed in Samsun.

July 8, 1919
Mustafa Kemal resigned from the post of Inspector of 3rd Army and from the army.

July 23, 1919
Mustafa Kemal was elected Chairman of Erzurum Congress.

September 4, 1919
Mustafa Kemal was elected Chairman of Sivas Congress.

December 27, 1919
Mustafa Kemal arrived in Ankara with the Executive Committee.

April 23, 1920
Mustafa Kemal opened the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara.

May 11, 1920
Mustafa Kemal was condemned to death by the government in İstanbul.

August 5, 1921
Mustafa Kemal was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Army by the Grand National Assembly.

August 23, 1921
The battle of Sakarya began with Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal.

September 19, 1921
The Grand National Assembly granted Mustafa Kemal the rank of Marshal and the titleGazi.

August 26, 1922
Gazi Mustafa Kemal began to lead the Büyük Taarruz battle from the hill of Kocatepe.

August 30, 1922
Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha won the battle of Dumlupınar.

September 10, 1922
Gazi Mustafa Kemal entered İzmir.

November 1, 1922
The Grand National Assembly accepted Gazi Mustafa Kemal's proposal to abolish the Sultanate.

January 14, 1923
Mustafa Kemal's mother Zübeyde Hanım passed away in İzmir

October 29, 1923
Proclamation of the Turkish Republic and Gazi Mustafa Kemal is elected as the first President.

August 24, 1924
Gazi Mustafa Kemal wore a hat for the first time at Sarayburnu in Istanbul.

August 9, 1928
Gazi Mustafa Kemal made a speech at Sarayburnu on the new Turkish Alphabet.

April 12, 1931
Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Historical Society.

July 12, 1932
Gazi Mustafa Kemal founded the Turkish Linguistic Society.

June 16, 1934
The Grand National Assembly passed a law granting Gazi Mustafa Kemal the surname "Atatürk".

November 10, 1938
Atatürk passed away.














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